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course: Spring Framework and Apache Kafka®

Hands On: Sending Messages to Apache Kafka with Spring Boot

12 min
Viktor Gamov

Viktor Gamov

Developer Advocate (Presenter)

Hands On: Sending Messages to Apache Kafka with Spring Boot

Note: This exercise is part of a larger course. You are expected to have completed the previous exercises.

This exercise uses the library Java Faker to produce from your Java application to an Apache Kafka topic on Confluent Cloud. Note that this builds on the Confluent Cloud/Spring Boot installation you did in the Introduction to Spring Boot for Confluent Cloud exercise. You can see the code for modules 1–10 in a combined GitHub repo and you can also refer there for a list of imports as well as a sample build.gradle file.

Add a Mock Library, a Producer, and Serialization Config

  1. Go to build.gradle in your Java application and find the dependencies object. Add Java Faker (you can find its installation string on GitHub):

      implementation 'com.github.javafaker:javafaker:1.0.2'
  2. Next, begin to set up Spring Boot to send messages to Kafka. Open and create a Producer class with a Lombok annotation for dependency injection:

      class Producer {
        private final KafkaTemplate<Integer, String> template

    (With respect to dependency injection, it’s good to use constructor dependency injection or property dependency injection, but not field dependency injection.)

  3. Next, add Java Faker code to produce some messages (from “The Hobbit,” incidentally), and also add Flux, a reactive library that lets you push a message per second:

     class Producer {
     	private final KafkaTemplate<Integer, String> template;
       	Faker faker;
       	public void generate() {
        		faker = Faker.instance();
         		final Flux<Long> interval = Flux.interval(Duration.ofMillis(1_000));
        	final Flux<String> quotes = Flux.fromStream(Stream.generate(() -> faker.hobbit().quote()));
, quotes)
          		.map(it -> template.send("hobbit", faker.random().nextInt(42), it.getT2())).blockLast();

    Note that lets you combine the two Flux parameters and enables you to send your messages to the topic hobbit on Confluent Cloud. Faker.random() generates your keys and the @EventListener annotation from Spring runs the class when the application is started.

  4. Now you need to tell Confluent Cloud the serialization method to use for keys and values by specifying it in


Establish and Inspect Your Topic on Confluent Cloud

  1. Next, set up a topic to send to on Confluent Cloud. Go to the cluster you created in the Introduction to Spring Boot for Confluent Cloud exercise, select Add topic and then create the new topic hobbit, using Create with defaults.


  1. Now run your application and log in to Confluent Cloud. Go to your cluster, then Topics, hobbit, and Messages, and you should see your first events streamed to Confluent Cloud.

Use the promo code SPRING101 to get $25 of free Confluent Cloud usage

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